Archive for January, 2017


Saturday, January 28th, 2017

For a while at the new gig, I had an office far from people I knew and from windows – the glass artifacts, not the operating system.  To keep my sanity, I started listening to a lot of podcasts.  Partially that was just to hear some voices, but I have come to enjoy many of then on their own merits.  Here are a few of my favorites that you might like, too.

This American Life is a groundbreaking radio journalism show that also podcasts its content.  That’s not an unusual state of affairs, and several of the podcasts I listen to either have radio show roots or are ongoing shows. This American Life is many things, but the attraction for me is its powerful commitment to both tireless research and immersion in stories and in their innovative and powerful storytelling techniques.  The commitment to getting to the core of the story is enough of a reason love them.  Any of their work during the election, on refugees, or on education (especially in Chicago) is insightful.  Most telling is the one time the staff felt that they had to retract a story. Listening to how embarrassed and angry they are at themselves and at the intensity of the mea culpa they issue – they essentially turn the full focus of their considerable investigative prowess themselves – made me understand the standards they hold themselves to.  Since that show, their fact checking has been well beyond what normal humans would consider sufficient.

The other key thing about This American Life is the caliber of their communications skills: they tell a great story.  Those skills not only make this show powerful, but has spawned a progeny that addresses a stunning array of topics aiming for the same compelling and illuminating power.

Planet Money explains economics and the economy using the powerful storytelling techniques of This American Life. The lineage here is direct.  Some of Planet Money‘s founders were key players in This American Life.  The podcast itself grew out of a This American Life episode. They do their progenitors proud.  Almost every episode has something worth listening to, but these two recent episodes will tell you if Planet Money is for you, though they’ve also done some projects worth looking at.

Welcome to Night Vale is a horse of a different color.  From everything.  It’s one of those pieces of art that sounds ridiculous when you describe it, but it is its own macabre, poetic, comical, romantic thing.  Try a few and you’ll know if it’s for you.

Night Vale has also produced several very different children.  All of these are original and solid, though only Within The Wires speaks to me. It’s one of those pieces of art that blindsided me completely.  One episode was light and comical and the next showed me how much these characters had come to breathe, even though I’d had only the smallest hole through which to see them.  Try it.

Off-Ramp is John Rabe’s rambling, insightful, penetrating, light-hearted romance with southern California.  He has a boundless curiosity and takes significant delight in bringing local stories from the sprawling metroplex of LA to that community. He’s led me to art shows, restaurants and injustices in my adopted home with a smile and a wink (where appropriate).  It’s something of a shaggy dog, but it has such personality that I think of the show as a weekly must.

Reply All is a show about the Internet.  Like soylent green, the Internet is people. From that vague jumping off point they find stories of humor, terror, and passion that cannot be missed.  They also try some innovative things. Another must.

The Memory Palace is a site full of poetic history.  Nate DiMeo constructs these short, evocative gems about people great and small.  Pick one up and try it out.

Here Be Monsters is an emerging favorite. Ostensibly about fear and the unknown, it covers a broad range of subjects.  I’ve just started listening to it, so I don’t know if I’m just hitting a strong streak or not.  If you try these, try a few and get the feeling of the range.

There are more, but I’m going to stop here for now.

Review: Whitewashed Adobe

Saturday, January 28th, 2017

I’m still trying to get a handle on how this place I call my home came to be what it is.  That leads me to histories of the area, like William Deverell‘s Whitewashed Adobe.  As with Before LA, Deverell focuses on the change in demographics that occurred here after the Mexican War.  The steady dilution of Mexico’s influence on the area is surprising, but evidently difficult to characterize.

Deverell focuses on several key events and environments that give a flavor, but root causes remain slippery.  He describes the brickyards where Mexican-descended laborers literally built LA from Los Angeles.  That’s telling and powerful, but there’s no watershed here.  Brickwork slowly went away for everyone – especially in the face of earthquakes.  It’s easy to feel the workers being engulfed by the emerging American city they laid the bones for, even when both sides would claim not to have participated in the assimilation.

Other events and iconography are also well chosen, including the Fiesta de Los Angeles and the Mission Play.  Both are interesting mergings of the social and commercial that reflect the prevailing mindsets of the time.  Either could be and probably have been the basis for books of their own.

I did learn a lot from Whitewashed Adobe, but I can’t say that it was an irresistible page-turner.  The writing is clear and informative, but not inspiring.


Review: Dhalgren

Friday, January 20th, 2017

One of the enduring joys of Jo Walton’s What Makes This Book So Great was that it introduced me to Samuel R. Delany. His Dhalgren is a science fiction novel like few I’ve read, and like few books I’ve read for that matter.

Genre SF often takes the current world and makes a few changes to explore our world. Dhalgren creates a world that seems to be deliberately and fantastically isolated from ours. Of course, that’s not completely true.  A better description is that it is a magnification and or impressionistic view of some part of our world.  One of the many mysteries of Dhalgren is what part of the world that is.  I’ve bounced around between a bunch of possibilities, including ghettos of the marginalized, insular parties, and mental illness.  I can make an argument for any of them, though none convince me.

Delany has constructed a powerful metaphor here, though it’s complex enough that I can’t describe it simply.  I feel like I’ve been to his fictional setting, but I can’t completely place it.

Into that world he throws a polysexual wandering poet who has lost his name and is becoming slowly (or quickly?) unstuck in time.  Rates are difficult to gauge when time is wonky.  By the time his POV character has become the leader of a street gang that hides their identities behind holographic projections of fantastic beasts, the reader is either completely invested or completely out of the book.  I was completely invested.

As if enough weren’t going on, the storytelling techniques vary as well.  At times characters seem to intentionally kick holes in the scenery and talk to the reader directly.  At others, everything seems completely conventional.  And other times, the storytelling becomes remarkably experimental.

I’ve deliberately made this sound chaotic, but there’s actually a discordant harmony to the whole thing.  It’s a meal with a lot to chew on, plated in unusual ways, but nourishing across many levels.  It’s a hard book to stop thinking about, but it does take time and effort to take in.

Strongly recommended.

2016 Holiday Trip

Monday, January 2nd, 2017

This holiday season Brenda and I returned to a bi-annual holiday tradition: flying my airplane back east to spend the season with our families.  Looking through my blog and old aviation pages, I see that I haven’t done one of these trips or reports in a while.

Brenda’s family moved to Frisco, TX in the Dallas metro area and mine lives outside Asheville, NC.  In the past, getting to Frisco (we technically  land in McKinney) took 2 days and a second day from Dallas to Asheville.  We usually stop first in Frisco before Christmas and spend a few days there before heading on to Asheville.  We’ve stopped in Frisco on the way back before, but we don’t always do so.

I write the reports from my perspective, and that perspective is the pilot’s perspective.  I talk much more about flying the legs than about the joys of the holiday season.  Of course, those are some of the joys of my holiday season.

This is the first year that I’ve flown Slippy on a flight this long.  Slippy is much faster, more powerful, and better equipped than my previous plane.  This trip let me work a bunch of those features out.

Santa Monica Municipal (SMO) to Phoenix Gateway (IWA)

Off we go, after loading up the luggage and finishing up our last few obligations.  Departure time is close to 8AM and my optimistic plan is to try to reach El Paso in one leg.  I chose it because El Paso is a  favorite stop from earlier trips and Slippy’s specs put it in reach under good conditions.

(Technically, that’s primarily true of a VFR leg, as instrument (IFR) flights have additional fuel and alternative airport requirements.)

I may yet make a one-hop trip to El Paso, but this was not that day.  I have both detailed performance specifications and an engine monitor that tracks fuel usage in real time.  This was one of the first times I’ve tried them out, and one of the points of this trip was to assess how reliable the tech was.

There were prevailing headwinds and by calculation and checking the real-time data, my best estimate was that we could make it to El Paso with about a half hour of fuel in the tanks.  I generally prefer more margin for error, especially when on a long leg.  I decided to divert us to Gateway airport in the Phoenix area and fuel up.  (Tuscon, which we’ll get to later, was my original diversion target, but the forecast there was for higher, gustier winds there than in the Phoenix area.)

The approach and landing were uneventful, though my radio communications were sloppy.  I wound up a little tongue-tied and I always confuse Gateway and the nearby Chandler. Sigh.

One of the key things I was testing out on this leg was how Slippy’s balance changed when I used the center tank.  Slippy has 3 tanks, one of which is a 15 gallon (1 hour) tank in the center of the aircraft, though further back than the wing tanks.  I’d studied how using that tank changed the handling characteristics, but it’s one of those things that it’s best to feel at some point.  This landing was that point, and the handling characteristics were perfectly reasonable.

One of the cool parts about this stop was sharing the pattern with a C-130.  There also seems to be an aerobatics/emergency upset school at gateway, and we saw some of their planes on the ramp.

And so we fuel up and head out.  Real fuel usage was in line with the tech’s prediction, which was also reassuring.

Phoenix Gateway (IWA) to Midland International (MAF)

Midland is another old friend on our trips.  It’s a well appointed airport that’s a short hop from our final destination in McKinney Texas.  Midland’s a great place to fill up and prepare for the transition across Dallas’s complex airspace.

This hop started by avoiding some parachute jumping south of Phoenix.  I’ve transitioned that area a few times before and knew most of the hot spots.  It was the first time Brenda heard an Air Traffic Controller refer to Eloy airport.  She asked if it was named after the alien race in H. G. Wells‘s The Time Machine. “Y” not “I”, but she is totally awesome.

In general, Western Arizona, New Mexico, and West Texas are not filled with things to see from the air.  I’ve made the trip enough that I do have some, um, unusual landmarks I like to see.

There is a huge smokestack on a building outside Winkleman AZ that I look for.  Since the last time I’ve been by, they added a huge tailings pond there.  I was surprised to see it, and I’m curious about what additional mining is doing to the area.  I googled the area to figure out what it was, and the first image returned was a picket line, so I don’t think things have been entirely smooth.

The next excellent landmark is a tethered balloon south of Demming, NM.  There’s nothing particular to it (except that you shouldn’t hit the tether).  The purpose of the thing is to take weather observations, and it’s very well marked. We’ve never got a really good picture of it, but I always love to see it.

Then we have El Paso and the beautiful Guadalupe Mountains.  I have a strange affection for these mountains, partially because they look great.  When there’s any wind out here, they can also generate a lot of turbulence, though primarily coming the other way.  That’s them above.

There are a few more things to see between El Paso and Midland, but nothing super exciting.  Even by my standards.  The approach and landing to Midland was direct and cool.  It was done in the dark, though not technically a night landing.

Midland International (MAF) to McKinney National (TKI)

Flying east in the winter features the offsetting effects of good winds and bad clocks.  Prevailing winds are usually strong and on the tail – though they were not on our first leg.  Clocks are against us, meaning that we’re generally flying into encroaching darkness.  Both of these are on display this leg.  We launched IFR on a short leg to McKinney.

The leg itself was clear and simple.  Visual conditions and smooth air all the way.

One of the interesting things about West Texas is the appearance of large wind farms for power.  At night you can’t see the windmills directly, but the farms are easy to spot.  They’re generally topped with slowly flashing red lights to warn planes and all the lights flash synchronously. It’s a striking and easy to identify feature.

The Dallas airspace is big and busy, but we were able to slide in pretty easily under instrument rules.  There was a little handoff glitch and I had some trouble picking the airport out of the city lights.  Overall things went smoothly, and we handed Slippy off to the excellent McKinney Air Center.  Brenda’s mom greeted us with takeout Chinese food and we began a great holiday stay in Frisco.

We enjoyed seeing family and spending time in town for a couple days – the Frisco Public Library is incredible.  Weather was advancing from the west, so we cut our visit back a day and set out for Asheville with the plan to come back and spend a day on the return (spoiler alert: that plan worked).

McKinney National (TKI) to Huntsville International (HSV)

Texas weather is tricky to forecast.  McKinney forecasts have probably burned me more often than any I’ve dealt with regularly, so when I saw a well-defined weather system advancing from the west, I decided we’d get out ahead of it.  There wasn’t anything forecast that would have been unflyable, but given the uncertainly I opted to get out early.

When we did leave, we had beautiful weather and clear skies.

I’d planned the route to avoid some military airspace (MOAs) along the way.  This put a northbound dogleg into our route that seemed to surprise some of the controllers.  At least two that we talked to asked why the dogleg was there.  MOAs are interesting (to pilots) because there are no restrictions on flying through them under visual rules, though you’re potentially sharing the space with some powerful playmates.  I do fly through them, but I’ve also had the experience of being politely ushered out of them in this part of the world.  It was too nice a day to worry about cutting the corner.

Huntsville is a good stop for us when flying GA.  From our perspective there are no frills, but the FBO is friendly and efficient.  We spent a few extra minutes while Brenda took care of some work via their WiFi.

I was also pleased to see another Viking on the ramp.  A search on the Viking Pilots Forum led me to the info that the plane I saw is this one.  As everyone says when they point to it, don’t try that at home.  I don’t, either, but it’ll give you some faith in the airframe.  (Yes, it’s a stock Viking in the video).

Huntsville International (HSV) to Asheville Regional (AVL)

With all that business completed, we were off to Asheville, our farthest point East.

Skies were clear and a strong tailwind shortened an already quick trip.

We zoomed over familiar terrain and aviation landmarks – I always love to know I’m passing the Choo Choo VOR outside Chattanooga.

While the mountains in the East are much lower than the ones out in the West, they’re nothing to sneeze at.  Strong winds in the air over mountainous terrain can mean tricky conditions for landing.  The weather observation in Asheville bore that out and I prepared for a landing in strong gusty winds.

I guess I should always psych myself up for landing; this was easily my best of the trip.

It was strange and wonderful to reach Asheville while it was still light, and we spent a great couple days exchanging gifts, seeing family, and eating way too many cookies.

Asheville Regional (AVL) to Greenwood-LeFlore (GWO)

The weather system that was behind us in Dallas showed no sign of wanting to head out to the Atlantic, and Monday found us getting ready to meet it along the Texas border.  I was motivated to catch it there rather than in the mountains near Asheville because it gives us a few more options and the higher terrain can make storms more intense.

But before we could meet the storms, we were off to Greenwood Airport in Mississippi. It’s another stop we’ve made before and was well placed to put us on a good line to get through the storms and fuel up before meeting them.

While Slippy doesn’t need any particular babying, I’ve been trying to keep her hangared even while traveling. She definitely got to share space with some tony friends in Asheville, which is what the image for this leg captures.

This leg also presented us with our first instrument conditions of the trip.  Asheville had a fairly low overcast – a few hundred feet – with layers of stratus forecast until we got close to GWO.  It was warm in Asheville and there was no forecast threat of icing (though ask me about icing forecasts sometime).  These conditions are my idea of fun.

Climbout was mostly interesting for the sights.  Brenda and I both find flying through clouds to be beautiful, and the layers on this leg did not disappoint.  It’s beautiful and a little eerie to be the filling in a cloud sandwich.  Try though we might, neither of us has ever really captured that experience in an image.

The rest of the hop was straightforward and enjoyable.  Especially once I saw that the outside air temperature was still well above freezing at our cruising altitude.  I distrust forecasts, but thermometers I believe. We tucked in to GWO and got ready for the most interesting leg of the trip.

Greenwood-LeFlore (GW) to McKinney National (TKI)

Greenwood seemed to be having telephone troubles.  We weren’t able to directly charge my credit card, and my cell phone couldn’t get enough coverage to file my flight plan via the Internet.  I made a phone call and both filed a flight plan and got a weather briefing the old fashioned way.

I should say a few things about how pilots – well, this pilot, anyway – prepares to proceed through forecast weather like we were going to pass through. First, the weather was a line of thunderstorms that were connected, but not terribly intense.  They were displaying predominantly moderate RADAR echos and no sign of the kind of convection that would produce a tornado or similar violent phenomenon.  The bands were well defined enough to allow me to believe that we could skirt them without entering any cells.  Slippy is very well equipped, with a feed of NEXRAD weather data.  Optimists call that feed a near-real-time feed.  I don’t, because I want to keep my understanding of its limitations in the front of my mind, but it does provide very useful information.

That’s where I begin, by reviewing what I know and what my resources are.  Then I work through the likely situations and plan actions broadly.  While one has to be ready to accommodate what the weather throws up, I find it helpful to have a menu of plans pre-loaded in my mind.  In this case, I reviewed the broad outlines of the reported storms, planning the outlines of my route through them and reminded myself that if conditions are worse than expected, backing out and landing is the plan.  There are two parts to that plan: being ready to execute it and keeping it available.  The second means keeping that worst case plan feasible – don’t get locked in without a way out.  It’s possible to fail at keeping an “out” open, but keeping it in the front of my mind helps.

I also talk to Brenda about what to expect and remind her that she gets a say.  In the immortal words of Kevin Garrison:

The first rule I have always used from the first day I was a captain, way back in the “brown hair days” is a simple one: Whoever is the most scared wins.

Garrison’s being funny (or pilot-funny), but his point is one I believe.  Brenda’s been on a lot of trips with me, and when she’s nervous, I need to at least take a second look at the world.  Besides which, we travel this way for fun; avoidably scaring any passenger is a sign of a developing accident chain.  Avoidably scaring the love of my life has considerably worse implications.

With the flight plan filed and Slippy fueled we were off.  I’d forgotten how casual departures from small southern airports can be.  In LA, it often seems like each controller needs to tweak the clearance a little and the eventual route can be dotted with small changes.  Even Asheville added a standard departure (SID). Here the clearance was basically “as filed; clear for takeoff.”  I’d forgotten how much I like that about the South.

I’m pretty sure that there are no spoilers when I say we got through the line.

Better than that, we were able to get through without any kind of incident.  There were layers of clouds to negotiate, but while picking our way through the line of storms, I was able to keep them ins sight the whole time.  The NEXRAD data was great to have, but the Mark I Eyeball  remained my primary avoidance mechanism. That’s definitely the way I like it, to the point where I’d probably begin taking an out if I lost that option.

A side effect of remaining in conditions where we could see was that we got to see.  Flying through these clouds afforded spectacular views.  Sleipnir took us near Thor‘s domain with great panache.  I spent most of the time turning the views into piloting cues, but even so the experience was memorable.

As we exited the final line, Brenda pointed out the rainbow in the second image.  As great as I think that image is, the reality of it was much more spectacular.

Trips by small plane give us chances to see the world in unique ways, and this was a great example.

And because I’m a nerd, I also have to point out that the image includes two distinct propeller shadows on the wing, which is an artifact of the digital camera scanning rate.  Cool.

The descent into McKinney was much less eventful, though we did get to spend a little more time in the clouds.  Arriving in daylight was a weird, but pleasant.

Brenda’s mom met us again and this time took us to a fabulous Italian restaurant.  Go see them if you’re in town, but expect a wait; it’s worth it.

We hung out for a day with Brenda’s family, catching up on the day we lost when we left early.  Great fun (and great movies) as always.

McKinney National (TKI) to Midland International (MAF)

This looks like just retracing the steps we took getting to Dallas, but this is technically a diversion.  I filed an IFR flight plan to El Paso, but decided not to fight questionable headwinds in getting there.  El Paso seems determined to keep us out.

Then there’s that IFR thing.  McKinney had a high overcast, and we needed to transition the DFW airspace again anyway, so IFR it was.  Beyond that, the stratus layer extended a fair ways west (at least to Abilene) and my IFR coverage philosophy is always that it’s better to have and not need than need and not have.  So I filed.

No surprises getting out.  No ice in the clouds, clear conditions on top, some rising startus, but it basically cleared as expected going west.

As we left the DFW Class B, the controllers were happy to provide us with direct clearances to our destination.  I got one early enough that I toyed with the idea of making El Paso, but eventually did decide to divert to Midland.  And the controller cleared us directly there, too.

Once the undercast cleared it was good to see all the landmarks I’d missed coming the other way.  There are a lot more windmills than before, but otherwise it remains West Texas all over.

Approach and landing to Midland was in clear skies.

During fueling we did have a small incident.  Slippy’s gas caps have both a stopper that seals the tank, and a cover flush with the wing surface.  In the process of fueling up, the line guys had a spring on one of the catches on the cover snap.  They let me know right away and I was able to bend a spring into place to hold the cap safely shut.  I doubt they did anything in particular to cause it, just time and age.

Midland International (MAF) to Tuscon International (TUS)

With the tanks buttoned up, we were off into clear blue skies.

Once again, we were out over some very empty spaces in the West.  This route took us further south than our trip out, which provided a little variety.  The mountains southwest of the Tuscon area are quite beautiful.  And Simpsons fans might be amused to know that there is a private Rancho Relaxo airport out here.

This was also the leg where I realized just how much Slippy’s weight and power make her more capable than 32169.  On this leg, we passed by the Guadelupes against a strong wind, which has always resulted in some struggle.  I’ve battled some of the strongest up- and downdrafts of my piloting experience here. With the kinds of winds we had on this leg, the drafts have been substantial.  In the Archer this means fighting by increasing the power to resist powerful downdrafts and by reducing power to keep equivalent updrafts from either overtaxing the propeller and engine or accepting a large altitude deviation.  In this area I’ve had drafts so powerful there simply wasn’t enough engine power to successfully resist a draft. It’s a kind of flying I hate, fiddling with configuration while performance becomes uncertain (meaning one assumes it to be bad).

Flying through the same area under conditions that I would have expected to cause trouble only resulted in small altitude changes.  I’d almost missed the effect until I recalled how hard I’d needed to work when I came through the area on earlier trips.  Once I realized what was going on, I was able to reduce the small excursions with small trim changes.

I’d considered Tuscon as a stopping point on the way out, but my initial destination for this leg was a smaller nearby airport, Ryan Field.  As we got closer the ATIS informed us that basically all the services were closed, so Tuscon jumped to the head of the line.

What an amazing airport!  The controllers were friendly and helpful, there were F-16’s in the pattern, a 747 on approach, and a gorgeous old terminal on the ground. I don’t know why I haven’t stopped here before, but I’m happy to have rectified that.

Tuscon International (TUS) to Santa Monica Municipal (SMO)

Our last leg home actually appears as 2 entries in my logbook, because of a misunderstanding I didn’t realize until I was in the air.  Because the gas cap cover was broken in Midland, I didn’t want the line folks at Tuscon to make it worse.  I told them that I’d open and close the covers for that reason.  Then I made 2 mistakes:

  • I didn’t clarify that there were 2 covers (the stopper and the cover)
  • I didn’t confirm that the stoppers were sealed before takeoff.

Because I’ve had leaking gas caps before I do look at the wings on climbout.  I saw the gas, put 2 and 2 together and headed back to TUS.  Everyone at the FBO was extremely apologetic, but honestly it wasn’t their fault at all.  I gave bad instructions and then didn’t do a complete enough walk around.  I don’t intend to let the second happen again.

The upside is that we did get to see some more of the sights at TUS.

With tanks refilled (and properly stoppered) we were off to home.  The flight was joyfully uneventful.  The last leg is always one of my favorites as I wrap myself in my familiar airspace once again.  The sights and sounds of home are easily as comforting in the air as on the ground.

We finished our trip with a night landing in clear skies at Santa Monica.